Capillary Malformation ("Port-wine Stain")





Capillary Malformations (CMs) (or commonly known as port-wine stain) are present at birth and come in a variety of sizes and locations, and do not undergo spontaneous resolution. Capillary malformations (port-wine stains) typically grow in proportion to the growth of the child. Port-wine stains may involve any area of the body and are usually pink or reddish during infancy, but often darken with advancing age.

Port-wine stains in certain locations need to be evaluated for possible underlying associated abnormalities. A typical worrisome location is a midline port-wine stain, which may be associated with tethered spinal cord. Facial port-wine stains raise a concern for Sturge-Weber syndrome. Other conditions commonly associated with capillary malformation or port-wine stain are Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome and Proteus syndrome.


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