Vascular Anomalies (birthmark) consist of various congenital lesions ranging from simple skin discolorations to large devastating vascular malformations

 Misdiagnosis & mistreatment are common (50% or higher !)

Common birthmarks include hemangioma, port-wine stain, venous malformation, arteriovenous malformation (AVM), lymphatic malformation or cystic hygroma, and various complex vascular syndromes (Klippel-Trenaunay, Parkes-Weber, Proteus, Maffucci, Blue-rubber bleb nevus)

 Most birthmarks can be treated with laser, sclerotherapy or embolization

Birthmark types?
How common are birthmarks?  
Does a birthmark need to be treated
Diagnostic tests for birthmarks
Prognosis of a birthmark
Treatment options for a birthmark
Embolization? - Sclerotherapy?

Disease Conditions

     Infantile Hemangioma Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM) Capillary Malfor. (port-wine stain)
     Congenital Hemangioma (RICH) Arteriovenous Fistula (AVF) Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome
     Non-Involuting Hemangioma Venous Malformation ("hemangioma") Parkes Weber Syndrome
     Intramuscular Hemangioma Lymphatic Malformation (LM) Maffucci Syndrome
     Kaposiform Hemangioendothelioma Lymphatic-Venous Malformation Proteus Syndrome
     Liver Hemangioma Sinus Pericranii Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus (BRBNS)
     Sturge-Weber Syndrome Glomovenous Malformation Cobb Syndrome


        Reading Materials - Presentations - PDF Files


                                  Recent Literature (PDF Files & Abstracts)






     2001 and earlier

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Breast Biopsy - BLES technique ╗ ╗
Cecostomy ╗ ╗ guided cecostomy.htm
Uterine Fibroid Embolization ╗ ╗
Central Access Catheters ╗ ╗ access.htm
Laser Ablation for Varicose veins ╗ ╗ vein center.htm
Varicocele Treatment with embolization ╗ ╗ treatment.htm
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (textbook) ╗ ╗


Disclaimer: Vascular anomalies (birthmarks) include hemangiomas (infantile hemangioma, rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma, intramuscular hemangioma, non-involuting congenital hemangiomas and kaposiform hemangioendothelioma) and vascular malformations. Vascular malformations (vascular birthmarks) are grouped as high-flow malformations (arteriovenous malformation or AVM, arteriovenous fistula or AVF) and low-flow malformations (venous malformation, lymphatic malformation or cystic hygroma, port-wine stain or capillary malformation). Cystic hygroma is a macrocystic lymphatic malformation. Combined vascular malformations include various syndromes (Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome, Parkes-Weber syndrome, Maffucci syndrome, Proteus syndrome, Blue-rubber bleb nevus).  Sclerotherapy and embolization are commonly performed procedures for various arterial, venous, lymphatic or combined malformations.Information accessed through this web page is presented in summary form in order to impart general information relating to the diagnosis and treatment of vascular anomalies / birthmarks. Such information is not complete and should not be used as a substitute for a consultation or visit with your physician or other health care provider. Dr. Orhan Konez makes no warranty as to the information's completeness, reliability or accuracy. Should you have any health care related questions regarding this matter, please see your physician or other health care provider promptly. 

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